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Allah Created Adam on Adam's Own Image
By: Dr. / Zaghloul El-Naggar
Abu Hurayrah (A.S.) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said:
"Allah created Adam, on Adam's own image, making him 60 cubits tall. When He finished his creation, He said to him, 'Go and greet that group of angels, and listen to their reply, for it will be your greeting (salutation) and the greeting of your offspring.' So, Adam said to the angels, 'As-salamu 'Alaykum (i.e. Peace be upon you)." The angels replied, 'As-salamu 'Alayka wa Rahmatu Allah (i.e. Peace and Mercy of Allah be upon you). The angels added to Adam's salutation the expression' Wa Rahmatu Allah'. So, any person who will enter Paradise will resemble Adam (in appearance and figure). People have been decreasing in stature since Adam's creation until now'."
This hadith has three amazing scientific signs, which are:
1-Allah the Almighty created Adam on his known image (i.e. the image of Adam).
2- The length of Adam was 60 cubits.
3- People have been decreasing in stature since Adam's creation till now.
The Explanation of the Hadith
For decades, people were fascinated by the "Organic Evolution Theory" (known as Darwinism) which led many to try to make a link between man and this long chain of creation, but without having any clear or sound evidence. The current fossils record is still deficient, having many gaps, as evidence by the ancient record of life on earth (at least 3800 million years), which has been inhabited by several consecutive patterns of creation that increased in their number and complexity of structure as time went by. This correct observation has been used in making many wrong deductions, which try to negate "Creation", but the Glorious Qur'an assures that:
(Allah is the Creator of all things.)
(Surat Az-Zumar (The Groups):62)
The hadith of the Prophet (PBUH) assures that everything was created, and that man was created in a special image, even though physical structure is shrinking as time goes by. Nevertheless, modern science emphasized this fact due to the following observation:
1-The fundamental basic building block of a living cell is the protein molecule. Modern experimental science assures the impossibility of its creation by mere chance as it is extremely complicated, besides its being a non-living substance in itself, but it becomes active inside the living cell. The amino acids of which the protein molecule is composed are also extremely complicated in nature and structure.
2- The living cell is extremely complicated in its structure and specific function, which negates any possibility of its existence without any previous wise planning. The human body is built of hundreds of billions of living cells, which vary according to the variation of their role and function. Each group of these cells are gathered to build up special tissues, which are accordingly gathered to build up specific organs and these organs make up the body systems which cooperate in amazing harmony to serve the living body, and give it the ability to perform its various activities.
3-A living cell in the human body does not exceed 0.03 mm in diameter. Each cell has a nucleus inside, which represents the controlling brain of the cell. Each nucleus carries a definite number of chromosomes, the number of which determines each type of millions of types of creatures, and billions of individuals inside each type.
The nucleus of man's cells, for example, carries 46 chromosomes in 23 pairs, except for the reproductive cells, which carry half of this number. When this cell unites with the opposite reproductive cell, it produces a fertilized egg with a complete set of chromosomes, i.e. 46.
4- The chromosomes of one human cell occupy a space inside the nucleus, which does not exceed 1/1.000.000 cubic mm. However, when they are spread, they reach up to almost 2 meters in length. Therefore, the genetic code in one human body exceeds the distance between the earth and the sun which is almost 150 million km.
5- The genetic code present on the chromosomes of one human cell carries 18.6 billion of nitrogen, sugar, and phosphate base, equally distributed among the three chemical groups. These groups are arranged in a sequence of 3.1 billion nucleotides, which again form almost one billion genetic codes carrying all the hereditary information. If this structure is subject to any change in the sequence of its bases, either it gets deformed (i.e. mutation occurs) or totally collapses.
6-It is amazing to know that the nucleic acids forming this genetic code which carries all the secrets of the living cell, is almost identical in its chemical structure between any two human beings up to 99.9%, no matter how far related they are. Nevertheless, each individual of the billions who live today, who lived and died, and who will come, will have his own special genetic code, which is more accurate than the code of his thumb.
As for the huge size of the Prophet Adam (PBUH), the fossils record, discovered so far, shows that creatures started to grow smaller in size as time went by, and will continue to do so until Allah, the Almighty, inherits the earth, and all that is on it.
Thus, we can see those signs in the hadith of the Prophet (PBUH) refuting all the claims of organic evolution, and assuring that all creations in general and man in particular are created from the beginning on their present image.